[PDF]    http://dx.doi.org/10.3952/lithjphys.49202

Open access article / Atviros prieigos straipsnis

Lith. J. Phys. 49, 229–236 (2009)


δ13C VALUES IN SIZE-SEGREGATED ATMOSPHERIC CARBONACEOUS AEROSOLS AT A RURAL SITE IN LITHUANIA
A. Garbaras, I. Rimšelytė, K. Kvietkus, and V. Remeikis
Institute of Physics, Savanorių 231, LT–02300 Vilnius, Lithuania
E-mail: garbaras@ar.fi.lt

Received 6 January 2009; accepted 19 March 2009

The investigations of the carbon isotopic ratio in different size aerosol particles at the Rūgšteliškis Integrated Monitoring Station (IMS) at the rural site (Lithuania) during 10–24 July 2008 are presented. Total carbon (TC) concentrations ranged from 0.06 to 0.35 μ\mugm–3 and those of elemental carbon (EA) from 0.02 to 0.15 μ\mugm–3 in accumulation mode, as well as from 0.06 to 0.14 μ\mugm–3 and from 0.02 to 0.06 μ\mugm–3 in coarse mode of aerosol particles, respectively. Organic matter (OM) concentration ranged from 1.0 to 25.4 μ\mugm–3, with the average value of 5.6 μ\mugm–3. Carbon isotopic ratios relative to standard for TC differ significantly in accumulation and coarse modes (–28 and –24‰\_0\promille, respectively) and indicate a different origin of size-segregated aerosol particles. Almost constant organic carbon isotopic ratio (–31.8‰‰) indicates that OM originates from local vegetation. Organic matter concentrations and the carbon isotopic ratio measurements in the size-segregated aerosol particles allow identifying sources of aerosol particles.
Keywords: optical parametric amplification, filamentation, pulse self-compression, intense few-cycle infrared pulses
PACS: 42.65.Yj, 42.65.Re


FAZIŠKAI MODULIUOTŲ MILIDŽAULINĖS ENERGIJOS IMPULSŲ PARAMETRINIS STIPRINTUVAS 1,5 μm SRITYJE SU IMPULSŲ SAVISPŪDA INERTINĖSE DUJOSE
A. Garbaras, I. Rimšelytė, K. Kvietkus, V. Remeikis
aVilniaus universitetas, Vilnius, Lietuva
bVienos technologijos universiteto Fotonikos institutas, Viena, Austrija
cUAB „Šviesos konversija“, Vilnius, Lietuva
dFastlite, Palaiseau, Prancūzija

Pademonstruotas stabilizuotos fazės keturių pakopų II fazinio sinchronizmo tipo faziškai moduliuotų impulsų parametrinis stiprintuvas 1,5 μm srityje. Jo impulso energija prieš kompresiją siekia 12,5 mJ. Parametrinio stiprintuvo sistema sudaryta iš femtosekundinio diodais kaupinamo Yb:KGV ir pikosekundinio lempomis kaupinamo 100 mJ Nd:IAG lazerių. Parametriškai sustiprinti impulsai, kurių spektro plotis pusaukštyje siekia 62 nm, buvo suspausti iki 74,4 fs, t. y. beveik iki spektriškai riboto impulso. Norint atskleisti galimybę generuoti kelių ciklų trukmės TW eilės smailinės galios impulsus IR srityje, buvo sugeneruotas 4 mJ 600 nm spektro pločio filamentas, kuris atitiktų 8 fs spektriškai ribotą impulsą. Taip pat argono dujose pademonstruota 2,2 mJ energijos impulso filamentacija su savispūda iki 19,8 fs pavienėje gijoje, 66 % energijos pralaidumu ir siekianti 1,5 mJ energiją išvade.


References / Nuorodos


[1] A. Dubietis, R. Butkus, and A.P. Piskarskas, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 12, 163–172 (2006),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JSTQE.2006.871962
[2] F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163–234 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.81.163
[3] T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C.Y. Teisset, X. Gu, T. Metzger, A. Baltuška, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 31, 1103–1105 (2006),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.31.001103
[4] X. Gu, G. Marcus, Y. Deng, T. Metzger, C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, Opt. Express 17, 62–69 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.000062
[5] C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, Opt. Express 14, 10109–10116 (2006),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.14.010109
[6] C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, Opt. Lett. 32, 2957–2959 (2007),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.32.002957
[7] J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O.D. Mücke, E.L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F.Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J.A. Bolger, B.J. Eggleton, and F.X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 34, 1639–1641 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.34.001639
[8] E.J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 041111-1–3 (2008),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2960352
[9] E.J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K.L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 253901-1–4 (2008),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.253901
[10] O.D. Mücke, D. Sidorov, P. Dombi, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, S. Ališauskas, V. Smilgevičius, J. Pocius, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and N. Forget, Opt. Lett. 34, 118–120 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.34.000118
[11] O.D. Mücke, S. Ališauskas, A.J. Verhoef, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, V. Smilgevičius, J. Pocius, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and N. Forget, Opt. Lett. 34, 2498–2500 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.34.002498
[12] C.I. Blaga, F. Catoire, P. Colosimo, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, Nature Phys. 5, 335–338 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys1228
[13] J. Tate, T. Auguste, H.G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 013901-1–4 (2007),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.013901
[14] P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, Nature Phys. 4, 386–389 (2008),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nphys914
[15] G. Doumy, J. Wheeler, C. Roedig, R. Chirla, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 093002-1–4 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.093002
[16] P. Agostini and L.F. DiMauro, Contemp. Phys. 49, 179–197 (2008),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00107510802221630
[17] B. Sheehy, J.D.D. Martin, L.F. DiMauro, P. Agostini, K.J. Schafer, M.B. Gaarde, and K.C. Kulander, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5270–5273 (1999),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.5270
[18] B. Shan and Z. Chang, Phys. Rev. A 65, 011804(R)-1–4 (2001),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.65.011804
[19] A. Gordon and F.X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 13, 2941–2947 (2005),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OPEX.13.002941
[20] T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I.P. Christov, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 10516–10521 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0903748106
[21] K. Schiessl, K.L. Ishikawa, E. Persson, and J. Burgdörfer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 253903-1–4 (2007),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.253903
[22] A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Légaré, M. Giguère, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 073902-1–4 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.073902
[23] M.V. Frolov, N.L. Manakov, T.S. Sarantseva, M.Y. Emelin, M.Y. Ryabikin, and A.F. Starace, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 243901-1–4 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.243901
[24] T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, O. Cohen, M.E. Grisham, J.J. Rocca, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, Opt. Lett. 33, 2128–2130 (2008),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.33.002128
[25] V.S. Yakovlev, M. Ivanov, and F. Krausz, Opt. Express 15, 15351–15364 (2007),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.15.015351
[26] E.L. Falcão-Filho, V.M. Gkortsas, A. Gordon, and F.X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 17, 11217–11229 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.011217
[27] A.L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuška, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P.M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, Nature 449, 1029–1032 (2007),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature06229
[28] L. Miaja-Avila, G. Saathoff, S. Mathias, J. Yin, C. La-o-vorakiat, M. Bauer, M. Aeschlimann, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 046101-1–4 (2008),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.046101
[29] J. Seres, E. Seres, A.J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, Nature 433, 596 (2005),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/433596a
[30] M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793–2795 (1996),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.116609
[31] M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522–524 (1997),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.22.000522
[32] C.P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 79, 673–677 (2004),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00340-004-1650-z
[33] C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, Opt. Lett. 32, 868–870 (2007),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.32.000868
[34] A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116-1–3 (2005),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1883706
[35] G. Stibenz, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, Opt. Lett. 31, 274–276 (2006),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.31.000274
[36] L. Bergé, Opt. Express 16, 21529–21543 (2008),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.16.021529
[37] D. Kraemer, R. Hua, M.L. Cowan, K. Franjic, and R.J.D. Miller, Opt. Lett. 31, 981–983 (2006),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.31.000981
[38] D. Kraemer, M.L. Cowan, R. Hua, K. Franjic, and R.J.D. Miller, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 813–818 (2007),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.24.000813
[39] A. Varanavičius, A. Dubietis, A. Beržanskis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, Opt. Lett. 22, 1603–1605 (1997),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.22.001603
[40] M.P. Kalashnikov, E. Risse, H. Schönnagel, and W. Sandner, Opt. Lett. 30, 923–925 (2005),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.30.000923
[41] F. Verluise, V. Laude, J.-P. Huignard, P. Tournois, and A. Migus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 138–145 (2000),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/JOSAB.17.000138
[42] A. Trisorio and C.P. Hauri, Opt. Lett. 32, 1650–1652 (2007),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.32.001650
[43] O. Varela, A. Zaïr, J. San Román, B. Alonso, I.J. Sola, C. Prieto, and L. Roso, Opt. Express 17, 3630–3639 (2009),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.003630
[44] D.N. Fittinghoff, J.L. Bowie, J.N. Sweetser, R.T. Jennings, M.A. Krumbügel, K.W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I.A. Walmsley, Opt. Lett. 21, 884–886 (1996),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OL.21.000884
[45] J. Paye, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2262–2273 (1992),
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/3.159533