[PDF]     http://dx.doi.org/10.3952/lithjphys.52314

Open access article / Atviros prieigos straipsnis

Lith. J. Phys. 52, 261268 (2012)

A. Mašalaitė, A. Garbaras, and V. Remeikis
Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, Savanorių 231, LT-02300 Vilnius, Lithuania
E-mail: agne.masalaite@ftmc.lt

Received 10 August 2012; revised 21 September 2012; accepted 21 September 2012

This paper presents an overview of the most common stable isotopes (H, C, N, O, and S) that are widely used in environmental research. Much attention is given to the atmospheric aerosol particle studies involving stable isotopes. Finally, the experimental results of the carbon stable isotope composition (δ13C) in fuels from various locations (Eastern and Western Europe, China, Japan) are discussed. Additionally, recommendations for future research directions are proposed.
Keywords: aerosols in atmosphere, stable isotopes, δ13C, fuel
PACS: 92.60.Mt, 32.10.Bi, 88.20.th

A. Mašalaitė, A. Garbaras, V. Remeikis
Valstybinis mokslinių tyrimų institutas Fizinių ir technologijos mokslų centras, Vilnius, Lietuva

Pateikta tyrimų įvairiuose aplinkos sanduose, dažniausiai naudojant H, C, N ir S stabiliuosius izotopus, apžvalga. Plačiau aptariamos stabiliųjų izotopų taikymo galimybės atmosferos aerozolių tyrimuose, pvz., vertinant radiacinius ir cheminius procesus atmosferoje bei galimus klimato pokyčius, identifikuojant aerozolio dalelių šaltinius, nustatant aerozolio dalelių cheminę sudėtį, vertinant lokalius taršos apkrovos dydžius bei įtaką žmogaus sveikatai ir t. t. Galiausiai pateikiamos eksperimentiškai išmatuotos stabiliųjų anglies izotopų santykio vertės naftos produktuose (dyzeline, benzine), naudojamuose Lietuvoje, Rytų bei Vakarų Europoje ir kitose pasaulio šalyse. Šios vertės leido identifikuoti naftos gavybos vietą. Nustatyta, kad Lietuvoje ir Rytų Europos šalyse naudojamas dyzelinas ir benzinas yra Rusijoje išgaunamos naftos produktai. Daroma išvada, kad izotopų santykio metodas gali būti taikomas siekiant nustatyti aerozolio dalelių šaltinius (pvz., dyzelino ir benzino degimo produktus), bet būtina atsižvelgti į pradinį naftos produktų izotopų santykį, kuris kinta priklausomai nuo naftos išgavimo vietovės.

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