[PDF]    http://dx.doi.org/10.3952/lithjphys.53305

Open access article / Atviros prieigos straipsnis

Lith. J. Phys. 53, 157162 (2013)

R. Grigalaitisa, S. Lapinskasa, J. Banysa , and E. E. Tornaub
aFaculty of Physics, Vilnius University, Saulėtekio 9, LT-10222 Vilnius, Lithuania
bSemiconductor Physics Institute, Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, Goštauto 11, LT-01108 Vilnius, Lithuania
E-mail: robertas.grigalaitis@ff.vu.lt

Received 10 April 2013; revised 30 April 2013; accepted 20 June 2013

We have studied the dynamical decay of the autocorrelation function of the 3D Ising model for different sizes L = 20–52 of spin cluster-cubes. The behaviour of the longest, ergodic relaxation time, τe, of a finite domain below the phase transition temperature Tc was mostly considered for two types of phase transition dynamics. A study of the scaling properties of τe demonstrates a negligible difference between the types of dynamics used, but a considerable difference for different boundary conditions. In contrast to the known result for periodic boundary conditions (τe ~ Lz exp [const(ν)2], where z and ν are the dynamical and correlation length exponents, respectively, and є = 1 – T/ Tc), the ergodic relaxation time for open boundary conditions is proportional to Lz exp [const(ν) 2k] with coeffcient k for lattices explored in this work slightly decreasing with L in between 1.65 and 1.58. This result implies that only the lattices of sizes close to or exceeding L = 300 with open boundary conditions might have ergodic relaxation times similar to those with perodic boundary conditions.
Keywords: Ising model, classical Monte Carlo simulations, finite size scaling, ergodic relaxation time
PACS: 64.60.an, 64.60.De, 64.60.Ht

R. Grigalaitisa, S. Lapinskasa, J. Banysa , E. E. Tornaub
aVilniaus universiteto Fizikos fakultetas, Vilnius, Lietuva
bFizinių ir technologijos mokslų centro Puslaidininkių fizikos institutas, Vilnius, Lithuania

Tyrėme trimačio Isingo modelio autokoreliacijos funkcijos slopimo dinamiką skirtingų dydžių (kraštinės ilgis L = 20–52) kubiniams sukinių klasteriams. Ilgiausios – ergodinės relaksacijos trukmės τe elgsena baigtinio dydžio domene, žemesnėse nei fazinio virsmo Tc temperatūrose, buvo tiriama dviem fazinių virsmų dinamikos būdais. Trukmės τe skaliavimo savybių analizė parodė tik nedidelius skirtumus naudojant skirtingą fazinių virsmų dinamiką, tačiau pastebėti gana akivaizdūs pokyčiai naudojant kitokias kraštines sąlygas. Skirtingai nuo žinomo rezultato, gauto naudojant periodines kraštines sąlygas τe ~ Lz exp [const(ν)2], ergodinė relaksacijos trukmė, kai kraštinės sąlygos yra atviros, yra proporcinga Lz exp [const(ν)2k ], o koeficientas k mažėja nuo 1,65 iki 1,58, didėjant gardelės dydžiui nuo L = 20 iki L = 52. Čia z ir ν yra atitinkamai krizinės dinaminė ir koreliacijos ilgio eksponentės, o є = 1- T/Tc. Daroma išvada, kad ergodinės relaksacijos trukmės esantatviroms ir periodinėms kraštinėms sąlygoms bus panašios, kai gardelių kraštinių ilgiai bus ne mažesni nei L = 300.

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